Image Otún River as it passes through the outskirts of the city of Pereira. Pereira's climate ranges from the following topics: Weather warm 9.9%, 60.7% average weather, cold weather 11.5%, 17.7% wasteland, its average annual rainfall is 2,750 mm. This feature shaping climate and soils, also offers a variety in the vegetation and landscape, enhancing the city of Pereira with one of the richest biodiversity in the nation. However, the city appears as a zone of high seismic vulnerability of the type of soil that form and geological faults running through it. Its average temperature is 22 degrees Celsius. The municipal area is 702 km ², bordered on the north by the municipalities of La Virginia, Marseille and Dosquebradas, northeast to Santa Rosa de Cabal and east by the department of Tolima, on the south by the departments of Quindio and Valle del Cauca, the west by the municipality of Balboa and the department of Valle del Cauca. Pereira is on the central mountain range, on the river valley Otún, and part of the Cauca River valley, like Pereira Colombian cities, has high areas of difficult access or flat spots or little steep streets of the city made pursuant to the relief of the area, as if the River Avenue crosses the river valley Otún, so it has little elevation but several lateral undulations. Most of the municipal territory corresponds to the steep relief of the Cordillera Central. Among the highlights orographic snow Quindio of Ruiz and Santa Isabel, on the borders by the departments of Quindio, Caldas and Tolima respectively. Also has other accidents as Santa Barbara, also known as the Alto del Nudo. The hydrographic system of the municipality includes the rivers Cauca, Barbas, Old, and Consota Otún with its many tributaries. It's broken relief, enjoys variety of climates, presenting the following climatic zones: hot, 60 km ²; average 367 km ², cold, 70 km ² and moor, with 107 km ².