An elephant bathes peacefully in one of the streams near the camp Savute Elephant Camp by Orient Express in Botswna, in the Chobe National Park. African elephants compete with the people of Botswana, and protected areas are inadequate to ensure the survival of elephants, especially in arid and semiarid regions, where the elephants depend on resources and space also used by the population. Due to climatic variables and other environmental variables, elephants should still remain mobility and opportunism, so that confinement to reservations is impractical and harmful. In the Policy Conservation Wildlife 1986 clearly recognized that if not given value to the resources of wild species, the imperatives of other land uses will inadvertently contrary to the continued existence of wildlife resources in reasonable quantities. Conflicts between elephants and people resulting from a growing population of elephants in Botswana can be long-term adverse early if communities living alongside elephants estimate that their livelihood is adversely affected by a "resource" that does not benefit them ( communities) directly. In this policy, and other government policies, such as the Tourism Policy and the National Conservation Strategy, emphasizes the use of natural resources of the country, including elephants, on a sustainable basis for long-term good of Botswana . When communities feel that conservation is only a net cost to them, and increasingly expressed over those feelings, it may not be possible to obtain their cooperation in achieving compliance with conservation objectives. The trade in elephant products is not only essential for elephant conservation, habitat and other species, but also to meet basic human needs in the elephant range. Conflicts between people and elephants, as mentioned herein, reached major proportions, and communities that elephants are a pest. With elephant products, including ivory obtained in communal areas, can increase the value of elephants to those communities, and the community appreciate elephants more. With this direct benefit they receive, communities that estimate increasingly interested in the continued existence of elephants in reasonable quantities. At the last auction of 1999 in accordance with Decision 10.1, 30% of the product has gone to adjacent communities range of elephants, and the rest is allocated to the conservation of elephants. In Agenda 21 and the Convention on Biodiversity was established that each country has the right to use its natural resources as it sees fit. Botswana therefore requests to be granted this right with respect to its elephant population. The storage and stockpiling ivory incurring costs. Campbell (1990) reports that more water available Botswana surface before now. It is noted that as the elephants are a species that depends on water distribution was wider then. Based on information from previous explorers, Campbell concludes that the distribution of elephants reached its peak in the late eighteenth century. It is believed that drought water sources Kgalagadi, the extension of human settlements and in particular, excessive hunting for ivory obtaining the 1800s have contributed to the decline of the elephant population, which reached its minimum around 1890. During that period, it was announced that there were only small concentrations of a few hundred animals in the vicinity of the Okavango Delta, the western part of Chobe and Linyanti and Kwando rivers, north, and southeast Tuli Block. Child (1968) and Sommerlattee (1976) reported that concentrations of elephants appeared along the eastern part of the Chobe River and to the south, in the Chobe District, in the mid 1960s. These observations indicate a reoccupation of parts of the former range of elephants in northern Botswana, which had been abandoned at the end of the century. The rules of distribution and current population estimates are derived from elephant aerial surveys that are part of the animal census started in 1996 and have continued since. The distribution of elephants in the northern range broader depends on the availability of surface water. During wet water is normally available in the whole range of elephants, which are some seasonal deposits. During this time of year there is a greater distribution of elephants in the dry season distribution is concentrated mainly along perennial water sources of the river systems of the Kwando-Linyanti-Chobe on the border between Botswana and Namibia. Such concentrations are superimposed inside Namibia. There are small concentrations along the Zimbabwean border what is probably continuous with populations on the other hand, since there are no real barriers to movement. Other concentrations are found on the western shores of the Okavango Delta. There are elephants in northern Tuli Block throughout the year, although some of them for some time regularly cross the Tuli Circle of Zimbabwe.