The anti-leprosy drugs free. Novartis Laboratories donate it to the Brazilian government. In 15 days or one month of treatment a person fails to pass. Analyzing the historical context of spatial occupation of the Northeast, it appears that the colonization of the Atlantic coastline, focused on sugar production, the promotion of fast-moving cane plantations on forests (Mata Atlantica). Settlement was a feature of the arrival of large contingents of African population as slave labor, working and surviving in tragic conditions of life. The main centers of employment, better conditions of production, concentrated in the states of Rio de Janeiro, Bahia and Pernambuco. In the last two states recognize the cyclical ebbs and flows of the population of sertões the coast, at the expense of the big dry.