Potala Palace. Lhasa. Located in Hongshan Mountain in Lhasa, capital of the Autonomous Region of Tibet, the Potala Palace is 3,700 m above sea level. Is said to mark the arrival of Princess Wen Cheng of the Tang imperial family, the Tibetan King Sontsa Gampo had built the magnificent palace of a thousand rooms and halls in the year 631. It occupies an area of 410,000 square meters and has a floor space of 130,000 square meters. This is the quintessence of ancient Tibetan architecture.