Portrait of a mother with her daughter dressed western combed braids Batawana camp. In the vicinity of Camp Eagle Island Camp by Orient Express, outside the Moremi Game Reserve in Botswana there is a camp where they live a hundred Batawana Indian tribe. You can canoe trips to visit their village. Between 1978 and 1988, Botswana became the third largest diamond producer in the world after Australia and now the Democratic Republic of Congo (then Zaire), and the economy grew at a record rate of 12% per year. Anyway, three-fifths of the population living on subsistence crops or activities 'non-institutionalized', ie outside of statistics, fiscal control and the commercial market. In 1985, there were repeated skirmishes on the border with South Africa for the support that the Botswana government gave to the struggle of the African National Congress (ANC) against apartheid. In 1987 South Africa pressed blocking routes that link it with Gaborone, capital of Botswana. Masire was reelected in 1989, and successive government faced economic and political problems, more than anything, by the decline in international demand for diamonds. Government corruption was evident and several cabinet ministers resigned. In 1991, three of the seven opposition parties formed the People's Progressive Front (FPP) to oppose the BDP, this year, the country suffered major strikes since independence. Public workers demanded an increase of 154% and were dismissed 18 thousand state officials. In 1992, unemployment reached 25%. Trying to increase employment and to raise the prestige of the BDP crestfallen, the government encouraged the installation of non-mining industries. A severe drought forced the authorities to declare a state of emergency, were drastically reduced public spending and laid off more than a third of the workforce employed directly or indirectly by the State. Despite the economic and social problems, the BDP retained a majority in the 1994 elections, losing nine seats. The country's second-largest exporter of diamonds after Russia-has depended on the export of minerals. In part because of its diamond wealth, the economy flourished and, according to the World Bank (WB), between 1965 and 1996, reached the highest global growth, with per capita income rose to 9.2%. Tourism in those years became the second source of resources. The gap between rich and poor increased due to rapid growth. Internal conflicts of Namibia in the Caprivi Strip-Runner 460 km. generally long and 30 km. wide-affected Botswana's relations with its neighbor. In 1999 nearly 2,000 people in this age, many of them took refuge in separatist-Botswana. The decision to give asylum worsened relations with Windhoek. Both countries have also a border dispute over an island in the Chobe River.