A pair of warthogs fights while performing the walking safari made camp near the Eagle Island Camp of Orient Express, on the outskirts of the Moremi Game Reserve in Botswana. Social behavior and reproduction of these warthogs. This species of wild boars are not territorial, but occupy an area of ??action. Wild boars live in groups called sounders. Females live in sounders with their young and with other females. Females tend to stay in their natal groups, while the men go, but stay within the home range. Subadult males associate in bachelor groups but leave alone when they become adults. Adult males only join sounders that have estrous females. Warthogs have two facial glands - tusk gland and sebaceous gland. Warthogs of both sexes begin mark around six to seven months of age. Males tend to mark more than women. The places that are indicated are for sleeping and feeding areas and springs. Warthogs use tusk marking for courtship, antagonistic behavior, and set the state. Warthogs are seasonal breeders. Rutting begins at the end of the dry season or early rainy and delivery begins near the start of the next rainy season. The mating system is described as "overlap promiscuity": the males have ranges overlapping several female ranges, and daily behavior of the female is unpredictable. Boars employ two mating strategies during the rut. With the "staying tactic", a boar will stay and defend certain women or a valuable resource for them. In the "itinerant" tactical boar sows in heat seek and compete for them. Boars will wait bristles arising out of their burrows. A dominant boar will displace another boar is also courting his wife. When a sow leaves her den, the boar will try to prove his dominance and then follow her before copulation. For the "staying tactic", monogamy, polygamy, female-defense polygyny or defense resources, while promoting "roaming tactic" promotes scramble-competition polygyny. Typical gestation period is five or six months. When you are about to give birth, sows temporarily leave their families to give birth on a separate hole. The litter is seven fifty-eight piglets, with two to four typical. The sow will stay in the hole for several weeks nursing her piglets. Warthogs have been observed to participate in allosucking. The bristles nurse foster piglets if they lose their own waste, which cooperative breeders. Allosucking not seem to be a case of mistaken identity or milk theft and may be a sign of kin altruism. Piglets begin paste in about two or three weeks and are weaned at six months. Warthogs are considered a kind "follower", as the young are kept close at all times and do not hide. Condition. The wild boar population in South Africa is estimated at around 250,000. Typical densities range between 1 and 10 km in protected areas, but local densities of 77 km are in short grass in Nakuru National Park. The species is susceptible to drought and hunting, which can result in localized extinctions. The Common Warthog is present in many protected areas throughout its range.