A beautiful bird hornbill trying to pose near the Savute Elephant Camp by Orient Express in Botswna, in the Chobe National Park. Hornbills (Bucerotidae) are a family of bird found in tropical and subtropical areas of Africa, Asia and Melanesia. They are characterized by a long beak, down-curved bill which is frequently brightly colored and sometimes has a casque on the upper mandible. Both the common English and the scientific name of the family refer to the shape of the bill, "Hornbill" being "cow horn" in Greek. They possess a kidney from two lobes. Hornbills are the only birds in which the first two neck vertebrae (atlas and axis) are fused together, which probably provides a more stable platform to carry the bill [1] The family is omnivorous feeding fruit and small animals .. They are monogamous breeders nesting in natural cavities in trees and sometimes cliffs. A number of species of hornbill are threatened with extinction, mostly insular species with small ranges. In Botswana have been recorded some 600 species of birds. This figure includes also the migratory birds that are not always present. Depending on rainfall, climate, temperatures and food. There are a variety of these species in the reserves and parks and also in the north and east of the country. Over 400 species develop in the region of Gaborone. Numerous aquatic birds: herons, pelicans, pink flamingos and storks.