INDIA CROSSING THE RIVER GANGES Taj Mahal in River Yamuna; Agra; India The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum located in Agra; India; built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favourite wife; Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is considered the finest example of Mughal architecture; a style that combines elements from Persian; Ottoman; Indian; and Islamic architectural styles. In 1983; the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site and was cited as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage."